Expert Witness

Self Tests

Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale
Fill out the following questionaire with the most suitable answer listed below. Base your answers on your experience in the past week and, if you have completed the scale previously, be as consistent as possible in your perception of the situation described. Be sure to answer all items.
0 - Not at all
1 - Mild
2 - Moderate
3 - Severe
0 - Never
1 - Occasionally
2 - Often
3 - Usually
Fear or Anxiety
1. Telephoning in public - speaking on the telephone in a public place
2. Participating in small groups - having a discussion with a few others
3. Eating in public places - do you tremble or feel awkward handling food
4. Drinking with others in public places - refers to any beverage including alcohol
5. Talking to people in authority - for example, a boss or teacher
6. Acting, performing, or giving a talk in front of an audience - refers to a large audience
7. Going to a party - an average party to which you may be invited: assume you know some but not all of the people at the party
8. Working while being observed - any type of work you might do, including school work or housework
9. Writing while being observed - for example, signing a check in a bank
10. Calling someone you don't know very well
11. Talking with people you don't know very well
12. Meeting strangers - assume others are of average importance to you
13. Urinating in a public bathroom - assume that others are sometimes present, as might normally be expected
14. Entering a room when others are already seated - refers to a small group, and nobody has to move seats for you
15. Being the center of attention - telling a story to a group of people
16. Speaking up at a meeting - speaking from your seat in a small meeting, or standing up in place in a large meeting
17. Taking a written test
18. Expressing appropriate disagreement or disapproval to people you don't know very well
19. Looking at people you don't know very well in the eyes - refers to appropriate eye contact
20. Giving a report to a group - refers to an oral report to a small group
21. Trying to pick up someone - refers to a single person attempting to initiate a relationship with a stranger
22. Returning goods to a store where returns are normally accepted
23. Giving an average party
24. Resisting a high pressure sales person - avoidance refers to listening to the salesperson for too long


55-65 Moderate social phobia
65-80 Marked social phobia
80-95 Severe social phobia
Greater than 95 - Very severe social phobia

Reference: Liebowitz MR. Social Phobia. Mod Probl Pharmacopsychiatry 1987;22:141-173